This Is Why You've Got No Hot Water
A hot, relaxing shower is calling your name after a long day at work. Instead of the familiar stream of hot water, you’re met with an icy blast. Unpleasant doesn’t begin to describe it.
Hot water is one of those things we take for granted. Your hot water system is probably the most underrated appliance in your home and doesn’t get a second thought until you’ve got no hot water.
There’s a whole host of different reasons why your hot water heater might not be working. With over 25 years in the plumbing industry, we’re here to break down all the common hot water system problems and even show how you can fix them yourself in many cases.
Electric Storage Hot Water System Problems
Have you got yourself an electric storage tank? Here are the common problems we encounter when it comes to this type of system.
Faulty Heating Elements
One of the most common causes of no hot water in electric water heaters is faulty heating elements. This is the part of the system that does the heating in your water heater.
Thankfully, heating elements can be replaced by a licensed plumber. if the heating element is faulty, then it’s likely time for a whole system upgrade though.
The thermostat controls the temperature of your hot water. Electric water heaters tend to have two thermostats – one at the bottom that controls the bottom heating element and one at the top that controls the bottom and top heating elements.
When the bottom thermostat is broken, you’ll typically find that your water isn’t hot enough. If the top one, however, is faulty, this is where you’ll more likely encounter no hot water at all.
Depending on the fault, a malfunctioning thermostat can be repaired or replaced.
Tripping High-Temperature Cut Off Switch
Your electric water heater has a high-temperature cut off switch built into it that will turn off the heating elements if the temperature gets too hot. This one is easy to fix, your water heater will have a reset button you can simply click to get the water heating again.
Circuit Break Tripping
The cause of your no hot water might be a tripping circuit breaker. Your hot water system should be set up with its own dedicated circuit, so identifying if this is the source of your unfortunate cold shower should be easy.
You’ll easily be able to identify this as the cause as the hot water system circuit breaker will be the only one out of line from the rest. You’ll need a professional plumber or electrician to resolve this kind of problem.
Gas Storage Hot Water System Problems
If you’ve got a gas water heater, then you have a whole separate list of problems to be concerned with.
No Gas Supply
The first and most obvious thing to check when your gas water heater isn’t heating water is if it has any gas. The gas line might have been inadvertently shut off, so check that gas is on and the gas valve is not in the off position. If this was the case, you’ll need to open the valve again and relight the pilot light.
Pilot Light Is Out
If the gas supply isn’t the problem, the next likely culprit is that the pilot light is out. There are a few things you can check for if this is the case:
- Thermocouple – the thermocouple is an important safety device used to shut off the gas supply to the pilot light in case it goes off. It should be tightly connected to the gas line and free of any blockages.
- Air in the gas line – air in the gas line can prevent the pilot light from staying lit. You can try to relight the pilot light several times to try and force any air in the line out.
- Pilot light orifice is clogged – this controls the flow of gas to the pilot and is very precise. Any kind of blockage can interfere with its operation. Thankfully, a plumber can clean or replace this relatively easily.
- Supply line is clogged, bent or defective – a gas supply line that isn’t perfectly intact can cause intermittent heating as well as pose a serious risk to your home with a potential gas leak. This needs to be remedied by a fully qualified gas fitter urgently.
- Gas control valve is faulty – critically important to the flow of gas to the pilot, this valve cannot be repaired and must be replaced by a licensed plumber.
- Burner is dirty or clogged – a dirty or clogged burner can prevent ignition of the burner. This part of your gas hot water heater can be removed and cleaned.
- Inadequate ventilation – the byproducts of the pilot light are vented out from your gas water heater with a flue. Any obstructions in the flue can prevent ignition or the pilot light. Cleaning the flue is simple, but can be quite a dirty job and is best left to a professional plumber.
General Hot Water System Problems
Regardless of what type of hot water system you have, there are some common problems you can keep an eye out for.
If your hot water system’s thermostat appears to be set correctly but you’ve got no hot water, it might be time for a replacement. This needs to be performed by a fully licensed plumber.
Burner Build Up
Sediment can build up on your water heater’s burner over time which can impact its ability to heat water. These can be replaced, but it is often recommended you replace the whole unit if this component fails.
If your water heater has sprung a leak, there will be no water to heat in the first place. A leaking tank cannot be repaired and you will need a whole system replacement.
Inadequate Tank Size
One major problem with all storage tank hot water systems is that there is only so much hot water they can store at a time. If you use all the hot water, you will need to wait for it to refill the tank and heat it again. In the meantime, you’ll be left with no hot water.
Instant Hot Water System Problems
There are two common problems you might be the cause of your no hot water if you’ve got an instant hot water system.
Low Flow Fixtures
The first is that your fixtures do not have a flow rate high enough that will trigger your instant water heater to turn on. These types of water heaters do not heat water unless you turn a hot water tap on, and the flow rate must be high enough that the system can sense that it is on. This can occasionally be a problem for homes with low-flow fixtures installed.
Exceed Unit Flow Rate
Alternatively, your home might be using too much hot water at once so that it exceeds the unit’s flow rate. This means the hot water will be spread too thinly and could feel lukewarm or cold to the touch.
Whatever the problem, you’ll need a fully licensed plumber/gas fitter to get your hot water back. Metropolitan Plumbing has over 25 years of industry experience and can get your hot water flowing again today.
Don’t delay, contact us today and we can have a hot water plumber with you in just one hour*.
Published: 12 Apr, 2022